What is dry skin?
Facial drying can be caused by many factors. In medical terms, dry skin is known as xerosis. Incorrect makeup, excessive washing, inadequate moisturization, medication, and some illnesses can contribute to dryness.
Hormone levels change as we age and this can worsen dryness. Specifically, lack of thyroid hormone, also known as hypothyroidism, makes skin appear dry. Many women in menopause and men in andropause (testosterone deficiency) lose their testosterone. This strips the skin of natural oils. Oral diuretic medication and topical retinoids (such as Retin-A, Differin, Tazorac, Tactuo, and Stieva-A) can severely dry the skin. Even glycolic acids and benzoyl peroxide can contribute to dryness.
What can be done?
- Medical-grade moisturizing skin care products such as SkinCeutical’s Emollience, Face Cream, Daily Moisture, SkinMedica TNS Essential Serum and TNS Ceramide Cream, Triple Lipid Restore, Dermal Repair Cream.
- Identify the cause and optimize hormones with a comprehensive medical evaluation.
- Topical hyaluronic acid such as found in B-5 Hydrating Gel from SkinCeuticals, penetrate into the skin and attract moisture.
- Wash face, pat dry, and apply moisturizer immediately to trap water in the skin.
- If retinoids (prescription), retinaldehyde (in anti-aging skin care products), or retinols (in anti-aging skin care products) are used, start with one pea sized amount, two to three nights per week. Only build up after a few weeks, once you tolerate the redness and dryness effect. This way you will combat acne, wrinkles, and sun damage effectively in the long term.